Humboldt parses the Goethe poem "Hermann and Dorothea", seeing it as the highest example of "naive" art. Goethe poem impressed him the approval of natural principles of human existence. But the theoretical part of their reasoning Humboldt builds on Schiller. He compares the two poets - Homer and Ariosto: "Homer in the foreground object and the singer disappeared. Achilles and Agamemnon, Patroclus and Hector are in front of us; we see how they live and work, and forget what force brought them out of the world of shadows in the living reality. In Ariosto actors are no less real, but we do not lose sight of the poet, it is present all the time on the stage, it was he who shows them to us, according to their speech, describes the actions. Homer event follows the event, all closely connected with each other, and most stems from another. Ariosto weaves its thread is much freer, but even if it stretches itself, he deliberately breaks it, as if willfully playing and showing more arbitrarily than the strength of the material; he himself interrupts, jumps from one to another, as it were, subordinating (and this part is its skill) occurs a whim, but in fact acting in accordance with the laws of contrast and harmony of sensations, it awakens in the reader ... Homer represented only by nature and then, at Ariosto- skills and personality ... both possess a high degree of objectivity. " (Bd. 2, S. 164). The last phrase - almost a quote from Schiller. Adoption Humboldt theoretical position Schiller could not impress him. However, Goethe was satisfied: it has pleased the high rating Humboldt his poem "Hermann and Dorothea '.
An Appeal To Heaven: What Would Happen If We Did It Again
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