We conclude that the difference between species, and between subspecies of the species, is the Mendelian chromosome genes that are usually high constancy, but prone to rare mutations, and even more rare movements and changes in the number (of plants we can accept also the presence of some genopodobnyh bodies in plastids, but they do not play such a significant role in an individual or species variability). In recognition of a single evolutionary tree for all - a living, or at least to all animals - we come to the conclusion that everything, even the most dramatic, the differences between the extreme members of the entire series - the differences in the structure of protoplasm, their chemical potentialities, and so on. etc. -. it must ultimately be caused by genes that have arisen as a result of mutations that occurred during their divergence from a common ancestor. By extending this provision to the most elementary stage of life, we see that almost all the features of the protoplasm is in a certain sense, by-products of gene activity and survived because the mutation that gave rise to them were favorable for further breeding genes. Thus, the gene becomes a basis of life (Moller 1921, 1926), and its ability to self-preservation and multiplication, at least in mutated form, giving all living matter superiority over dead matter.
The Mistletoe Kiss
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