3. The Russian economy is small businesses, if present, is generally not in the sectors that determine scientific and technical progress. This led to the absence in the national innovation system is very important link. After all, small businesses, because of their flexibility, mobility, interest in the success of their creators, are highly innovative activity and play an essential role in the creation and dissemination of innovations. Fig. 1.5. National Innovation System Currently, the share of seven developed countries (approximately 150 countries with market-oriented economies) account for about 80-90% of high-tech products, and all exports. Russia's share is only 0.3%. "Big Seven" Countries have 46 of the 50 macro-technologies, which owns the world, including a set of processes (research and development, pre-production, production and service support for the project itself) to create a certain kind of products with the specified parameters.  Because these technologies are controlled by the United States 22, 8-10 - Germany 7 - Japan 3-5 - Great Britain and France, and one falls on Sweden, Norway, Italy and Switzerland. Other countries have control only 3-4 such technology  [Livanov, 2009].
Churchill's Pocketbook of Orthopaedics, Trauma and Rheumatology
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