Even more important to realize that, rightly admiring the heroism of the West, in any case, do not share his perception and assessment of the rest of the world, other civilizations and cultures. It is highly regrettable that the Russian consciousness of the West too often and appeared as strongly and appears as indisputable, even the only "action items." Western non-recognition of the world-historical value of all the "other", "other" than himself, with particular clarity in relation to acts of the Byzantine Empire. Even such a seemingly broad and tolerable (in comparison, for example, with the French philosophers who spoke of Byzantium in the genre of gross abuse) Western ideology as Herder, wrote in his fundamental treatise "Ideas to the philosophy of history" (1782-1788) Byzantium appears de as a "two-headed monster that is called by religious and secular authority, teased and suppressed other nations, and ... can hardly give myself calm of the fact what people need religion, and why the government ... it went all the vices, all cruelty disgusting (even so - VK) Byzantine history ... " it may be objected that such a denial almost very right to exist Byzantium took place two centuries ago, and now the West understands things differently, because. in its ideology in the XX century began to assert an idea of ??equality or equivalence of different civilizations and cultures. This seems to be true: first, in recent times the West had created a lot of more or less objective research the history of Byzantium (and other "non-Western" countries), and secondly, the western historical philosophy in the face of Spengler and Toynbee anyway proclaimed equality of civilizations (here it is worth recalling that in Russia it was carried out in the XIX century - in the philosophy of history of N. Danilevsky and KN Leontiev).
Journal of Military History, Vol. 68, No. 4, October 2004
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