Chapter 2 Winkelmann, OR THE BIRTH OF A SCIENCE Angelica Kauffmann wrote in 1764 in Rome portrait of his teacher Winckelmann. He sits in front of an open book with a pen in hand. His huge dark eyes and forehead thinker, a big nose, giving him a resemblance to the Bourbons, soft, round shape of the mouth and chin. It is more like a painter or an artist than a scientist. 'Nature has given him all that is necessary to man, and all that it can decorate', - said Goethe. He was born in 1717 in Stendal in the family of a poor shoemaker. As a child, he crawled all the surrounding mounds, and with his light hand searches ancient tombs do all the local boys. In 1743 he became assistant director of the school in Zeegauzene. 'With the greatest care, I performed the duties of the teacher and made the children whose heads were covered with scab, zatverzhivat alphabet, he himself at the time I wanted with all my heart to the knowledge of beauty, and admired the Homeric metaphors ". In 1748 he became librarian in Count von Byunau and settled near Dresden. Frederick II of Prussia, he left without any regret: he had the opportunity to make sure that it is 'despotic country'. He remembered about it with a shudder: 'In any case, I felt slavery more than others. " Change of residence determined his fate: he was in a range of outstanding artists. It played a role and the fact that Dresden is the largest collection of antiquities in Germany; This caused him to change his earlier plans (he was obsessed with the idea to go to Egypt). The first of his works that have appeared in the press, received a response throughout Europe. Spiritually independent, not dogmatic in their religious beliefs, he moved to Catholicism in order to get a job in Italy - Rome was worth it for the Mass. In 1758 he became librarian and curator of the collection of Cardinal Al-bath, in 1763 - the supreme guardian of all the antiquities of Rome and its surroundings, visiting Pompeii and Herculaneum.
Domain Decomposition Methods in Science and Engineering XVII
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